Synchronous eLearning allows communicating at the same point engaging them for real-time communication even if present at different place. Synchronous learning can be performed using audio conferencing, web conferencing, video conferencing, instant messaging, chat and application sharing. These involve discussions, dialogues, sharing presentations and information In-depth discussions with higher-touch interactions, information sharing of low-complexity issues, Ad hoc quick communications Co-development of ideas and documents. Although synchronous eLearning has been around for almost fifty years in more elementary forms, it is only in the last five years that organizations and individuals made it practical for universal adoption with the technology and infrastructure.
Asynchronous eLearning can be delivered in many ways including Internet, intranet (web learning), mobile learning, CD-ROM or DVD. It has an obvious preference because of its conveniences. You can get the training at any time you need to perform a task. An instructional strategy that avails a learner practice what they have learned, the course can be stopped at any time and restart it from the same point. Learner’s performance within a course can be reported and tracked to a Learning Management System (LMS).
The drawbacks of synchronous eLearning are cost, especially when international participation is involved, bandwidth, limited availability of video conferencing systems, requires typing, all users must use compatible system, usually best for single person to single person interactions. Although asynchronous self-paced eLearning courses can be offered without a teacher and without a time limit, many learners may not complete the course work timely. You must be sure that there are professional and/or personal incentives for your learners to take and complete self-paced courses. Some people need help understanding the learning material presented in a course. Since self-paced courses can be offered without teachers, those people may fail to learn hence experts are needed who can answer their questions.
You should decide and understand when, why, and how to use different types of eLearning as a medium. Asynchronous and synchronous eLearning is often a matter scope and dimension. If you have enough time to reflect because the sender does not expect an immediate answer, use asynchronous methods but if a quick response is expected more it should be dealt with commitment and motivation through synchronous method. Likewise if you are expected to reproduce exclusively on course topics you can maintain a blog in case are expected to work in groups may be advised to use instant messaging as support for getting to know each other, exchanging ideas, and planning tasks.
Synchronous communication maximises encouragement. Synchronous communication is like face to face talking to an individual or group compared with asynchronous communication. It seemed more adequate to exchange social support and discuss issues. It can astray focus on quantity rather than quality because of giving an immediate response. Asynchronous learning makes students self-contained. Learners are expected to take more responsibility for their own progress and it can be beneficial for them from a long-term perspective.
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From Mobile App development company TouchApp